Hallux valgus or bunion

Hallux valgus is a deformity of the big toe, in advanced cases accompanied by changes in the second toe

Hallux valgus ili “bunion“

The most common aesthetic-functional disorder of the feet

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The reasons for the formation of hallux valgus are the result of anatomical reasons, ie the specific structure of our foot, prone to lowering the arches, but the occurrence of deformation is significantly contributed by external influences – wearing tight and uncomfortable shoes, high heels, etc.

Lowering the arch of the foot leads to a change in the muscle balance in the foot. Over time, the thumb is pulled by the strength of the muscles in the valgus position, ie. towards the outside of the foot, the so-called exostosis or, as patients often call it, a “bump” on the inside of the foot in the area of ​​the base of the toe. Foot pain occurs, while footwear becomes uncomfortable and too tight due to new relationships.


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Flexus deformation of the second finger often occurs, ie. the contraction of the second finger is noticeable, on the upper side of which a painful claus or “corneal eye” is formed. Very often, it is the corns that bring the patient to the doctor after all pedicure options have been exhausted. Surgery involves grinding the bony protrusion, but often also structurally aligning the distorted bone. In milder cases, grinding the bone along the thumb joint is sufficient.

Severe deformities can be corrected by cutting the bone or by a fusion process with complete alignment of the bone. Bone healing takes approximately 6 weeks. We bring you the most common “myths” about the operation of thumb deformity, but also expert answers that will help you decide on this operation!

Mythsassociated with hallux valgus deformity

There are numerous myths that we bring into context with this functional-aesthetic deformation

MYTH 1: Thumb deformity surgery is extremely painful

This operation is not special in terms of pain!

Foot surgery can generally lead to increased postoperative pain, and increased blood flow can create a feeling of throbbing pain. Although the sensation of pain is a subjective category, any swelling can irritate the nerves, causing pain. Medications and a specific pain reduction exercise program may be recommended for pain.

MYTH 2: The bunion can reappear

Most patients are satisfied with the operation of thumb deformity. Reappearance is possible, but not certain. However, the recurrence of bunion is not a complication if the procedure is properly indicated and performed.

Sometimes relapse can occur over a period of time. Some patients have a predisposition to develop a deformity of the thumb due to increased mobility of the joint. Each foot is unique, so the approach must be tailored to the individual.

MYTH 3: Chuck surgery involves crutches and plaster

It can be said that it is a thing of the past!

Today, there are a large number of surgical techniques for the correction of hallux valgus, and they enable faster recovery. In most patients, recovery after solving the problem of thumb deformity involves walking in custom shoes for 3-6 weeks, WITHOUT the need for a cast! In more severe cases of correction, there are rigid immobilizations – sometimes plaster, because the procedure on the bones was more complex. If bone fusion surgery is indicated, which aligns the entire distorted bone, the result is previously protected walking as early as 2 weeks after surgery!

MYTH 4: Don’t correct your thumb unless it hurts

Some people are concerned about creating pain where it did not exist before. Instructions from a surgeon are often present, a painful “bunion” requires surgery, but it is not necessary. But the decision to have surgery despite the absence of pain, occurs if the deformity interferes with daily activity, wearing shoes, if it increases or it is simply an aesthetic problem.

MYTH 5: Thumb correction leaves an ugly scar

The incision for thumb correction in our institution is extremely sparing, thanks to the teamwork of orthopedists and plastic surgeons. When correcting the deformity of the thumb, it is approached from the upper side or from the side of the thumb.

At the Ribnjak Polyclinic, proven regenerative methods are available to you, such as the use of platelet rich plasma, which successfully correct the presence of a postoperative scar!


Toe surgery, like any other operation, is surrounded by certain myths. Since there are so many types (sizes and problems) of thumb deformity, not all information can be applied in every situation and for every person.

Learn all you can about thumb deformity surgery before you opt for it.

Employees of the Ribnjak Polyclinic are at your service for any questions or ambiguities you have. Contact us with confidence.

In short

Polyclinic Ribnjak is a unique institution in the Republic of Croatia. It unites different branches of medicine, all in order to stay true to its slogan “Health and Beauty. Together”. Orthopedics, advanced sports diagnostics, functional and kinesiological rehabilitation, cosmetic surgery and treatments are the services we provide on a daily basis, professionally and in accordance with the latest professional standards.


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